The Jewish Art collection of the Magnes provides a vivid depiction of the processes of Jewish integration into modern secular life since the mid-nineteenth century, and documents the ongoing debate about the definitions of Jewish identity in the modern world. The collection also provides a record of the role played by the former Judah L. Magnes Museum in fostering a generation of California Jewish artists since the 1960s, encouraging them to articulate their oftentimes complex Jewish identities. A recurrent theme in post-war art is the reflection on the Holocaust.
The holdings include painting and sculpture, photography, works on paper and artist books, as well as digital and mixed media. Along with fine examples of American, European and Israeli art, works by California artists are also well represented.
The unique collection of prints and drawings, artist books and posters, consisting of over two thousand works on paper, is one of the largest of its kind. Developed by Florence B. Helzel, the collection was introduced through such outstanding catalogues as The Print and Drawing Collection of the Judah L. Magnes Museum (1884), Narrative Imagery: Artist Portfolios (1991), and Shtetl Life (1993). In the 1980s, The Magnes began collecting contemporary art, affirming its commitment through exhibitions, publications, commissioned works and juried competitions. The video and photography holdings resulted from competitions such as the Jewish Video Competition and the Richard Nagler Photography Competition.
The commitment to contemporary art was been reinvigorated in the early 2000s through exnhibitions of local and international artists, including Larry Abramson, Naomie Kremer, and Jonathon Keats, and the acquisition of their works for the collection. In 2017, through an unprecedented gift by Taube Philanthropies, The Magnes acquired the most significant collection of works by Arthur Szyk (Łódź, Poland, 1894 – New Canaan, Connecticut, 1951).